Communicable Disease

Local health departments are required by law to investigate and follow-up on all suspected or confirmed communicable diseases or conditions.  Health departments must monitor disease reporting by physicians and laboratories and report to the State Branch of Communicable Disease.  Health departments provide a channel of communication between public health agencies, private physicians, hospitals, and occupational infection control personnel.  Lastly, health departments explain public health interventions and disseminate health education messages to the community and the media in order to enhance disease control efforts.  In North Carolina, there are 80 reportable diseases or conditions for which investigations and follow-up are required.

Tuberculosis Service

The Jackson County Department of Public Health offers a tuberculosis (TB) service that provides diagnostic tests and treatment for all active cases of TB.  The service is available to anyone with a positive skin test or who needs diagnostic evaluation through chest X-ray or sputum test to determine their status.  Appointments include:

  • Skin test evaluation (PPD)
  • Patient history
  • Arrangements for chest X-ray
  • Lab work

All results are sent to Raleigh for further evaluation.  Based on the recommendation of the contract TB physician, the patient may be placed on medication.  Those who are on medication for a nine-month period will require a monthly follow-up at the Health Department.

Prevention

Click here to see all reportable communicable diseases.  The diseases in bold are diseases that can largely be prevented through immunization.  Many of the vaccines to prevent these diseases are available at the Health Department.

Following immunization, the most effective way to prevent transmission of communicable disease is adequate hand washing for at least 20 seconds.

For appointments or additional information, call 828-587-8289.